Download A Handbook of Bioethics Terms by James B. Tubbs Jr. PDF

By James B. Tubbs Jr.

ISBN-10: 1589012593

ISBN-13: 9781589012592

Specified by alphabetical order, "A instruction manual Of Bioethics phrases" via James B. Tubbs Jr. (Professor of Ethics and faith, division of non secular stories, college of Detroit Mercy) is a compendium of terminology definitions in a glossary-style structure with greater than four hundred entries on major phrases expressions, titles, and proceedings that experience formed bioethical criteria to what now we have this present day. Entries are cross-referenced and punctiliously authoritative. A hugely instructed and 'user pleasant' simple reference for private, expert, educational, and neighborhood library collections, "A guide of Bioethics phrases" is principally prompt to the eye of scholars in future health care ethics, practising physicians and nurses, concerned and conscientious individuals of institutional ethics committees and assessment forums, in addition to non-specialist common readers with an curiosity in bioethics proper concerns.

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Embryo donation: A form of embryo transfer in which the genetic parents (who provide the egg and sperm for in vitro fertilization) authorize transfer of the early embryo to the uterus of another female for implantation and pregnancy. Embryo lavage: An alternative form of embryo donation in which an early embryo is washed out of a woman’s reproductive tract and transferred to another woman’s uterus for implantation and pregnancy. In this procedure, a fertile female egg donor is artificially inseminated, then one or more fertilized early embryos are lavaged (washed) from her reproductive tract and transferred via catheter into the uterus of another woman, hormonally prepared for implantation of the embryo, who wishes to become pregnant.

Supreme Court case (Cruzan v. S. 261 [1990]) that addressed withdrawal of life support (in this case, artificial nutrition and hydration) for incompetent persons. Nancy Cruzan had been in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) for more than four years when her parents concluded that she would not wish to be maintained in that condition and sued for permission to have her artificial nutrition and hydration discontinued. The local court granted their request, but that decision was overturned by the Missouri Supreme Court, which held that the family had not produced “clear and convincing evidence” that she would wish to die under such circumstances and upheld a Missouri law that proscribed the Cruzan case: 32 CVS removal of feeding and hydration under any circumstances.

And Mrs. Stern entered into a surrogacy contract with Ms. Whitehead. She was impregnated with Mr. Stern’s sperm and agreed to give up all parental rights in favor of the Sterns when the baby was born; Ms. Whitehead was to receive financial compensation in return. However, shortly after the birth she ran away with the child and refused to return it to the Sterns. The court held that surrogacy contracts involving financial payment were unenforceable and a violation of public policy, and that surrogate mothers have the right to change their minds after birth and assert their parental rights.

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