By I. M. D. Little
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Additional info for Aid to Africa. An Appraisal of U.K. Policy for Aid to Africa South of the Sahara
If, however, the recipient has a good plan and set of priorities, and can handle the donors well and allow for their preferences; if, in short, the recipient country can co-ordinate aid 32 DONORS' POLICIES itself, then the chaos may be more apparent than real, and the recipient might even gain from playing off one donor against another. If this were the case there would be little need, at least from the recipient's point of view, for donors' co-ordination. Some, but not all, recipients take this line and are suspicious of " d o n o r s ' clubs".
But if such presuppositions are unrealistic, as they generally are in Africa, then an intolerable amount of the donors' money will be wasted, at least from the point of view of economic development. The donors should then resort to " p r o j e c t " aid. There is in practice no hard and fast distinction between project aid and plan aid. Much of the aid India receives is for specific projects. Nevertheless, that projects should be the main basis of aid-giving, and not the country's plan, has important implications.
D . contribution of £40,000. 1 This policy is now in process of being changed. D. F. D. at Tokyo. 2 This presupposes that they cannot be expected to increase their savings by higher taxation or by reducing inessential non-developmental expenditure. While some African countries could certainly do rather more to help themselves in this way, in most cases it would be unreasonable to expect African governments to raise significantly more money. 27 A I D T O AFRICA Countries which are short of domestic funds also have by implication available real resources to use for development.