By Stephen Aron
Within the center of North the United States, the Missouri, Ohio, and Mississippi rivers come jointly, uniting waters from west, north, and east on a trip to the south. this is often the sector that Stephen Aron calls the yank Confluence. Aron's leading edge e-book examines the historical past of that zone -- a house to the Osage, a colony exploited through the French, a brand new frontier explored via Lewis and Clark -- and focuses at the region's transition from a spot of overlapping borderlands to at least one of oppositional border states. American Confluence is a full of life account that might pride either the beginner historian.
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Additional info for American Confluence: The Missouri Frontier from Borderland to Border State (History of the Trans-Appalachian Frontier)
8 In crossing the Mississippi, refugees from Cahokia moved among some people with whom they had long-standing trade and kinship ties and others who were less familiar to them. By the ﬁfteenth century, the area that became Missouri was home to a variety of groups, including possibly the Osages. According to the Osages’ creation myth, their origin traced to the mating of the ﬁrst Osage man, who came down from the sun, and the ﬁrst Osage woman, who hailed from the moon. This coupling produced six offspring, three boys and three girls, who in pairs explored the wilderness in all directions.
Instead, rank and respect derived from the ability to give goods away to fellow villagers and from successful leadership of male endeavors such as hunting. For women, too, rank had its obligations. Ranking women assisted during births, illnesses, weddings, and feasts. The mix of change and persistence served the Osages and their neighbors well. This was true for both long established groups and more recent migrants from the east. But already by the seventeenth century, the pressure for change was building as the impact of the European invasion of the Americas touched the Osages’ homeland.
Under pressure from Illinois Indians, who also crossed the river to hunt these lands, the Osages had moved west and south. Relocating their towns during the seventeenth century along what came to be called the Osage River, the Osages gained a buffer against attacks from the east. 30 Being between became the central fact of Osage life. Ecologically, as has been noted, the Osages adjusted their subsistence schedule to make use of the resources of both woodlands and grasslands. With ﬁrearms from French traders, Osage hunters and warriors could control game-rich territories to the west, whose Indian inhabitants—Wichita, Caddo, Pawnee, Kansa, and Quapaw—had less access to European-manufactured weapons.