By John Frazer
Книга An Evolutionary structure An Evolutionary ArchitectureКниги Строительство Год издания: 1995 Формат: pdf Издат.:Architectural organization courses Страниц: 128 Размер: 10 MB ISBN: 1870890477 Язык: Русский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:An Evolutionary structure may be thought of, jointly might be with Nicholas Negroponte's structure desktop books, as essentially the most very important and encouraging references at the use of computation in structure and layout.
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Extra resources for An Evolutionary Architecture
These comprise a timber flange, typically solid timber and a panel product web, usually oriented strand board (OSB). 8 Glass: these structural glass beams comprise three pieces of 1⁄2 in. toughened glass laminated together. 9 Concrete T-section beams. Used in conjunction with smaller concrete slabs. As a general rule, rectangular section, reinforced-concrete beams have a span : total depth ratio of around 23 : 1. 10 Concrete box girder. Made up from precast concrete box sections; the upper flange acts as a deck.
These blend together to form a large pool of molten glass. Standard float glass comes in thicknesses ranging from 1⁄8 to 1 in, and in panes of up to a maximum size of 10 ft 6 in by 19 ft 6 in. Glass used for structural purposes has been toughened in one or more of the following ways: 1 Float glass being moved around a factory. Annealing By controlling the rate at which molten glass cools, the stresses and strains that normally occur due to uneven shrinkage during cooling can be removed from the glass.
From left to right: reinforced concrete, profiled-sheet, composite, wafer/laminate. 2 Profiled metal sheets (metal decking) are used as permanent formwork and act partially to reinforce the in situ poured concrete. 3 Profiled metal decking is made from galvanized steel formed into a trapezoidal section. 4 Folded sheet. The principle employed for profiled metal sheets is used at a larger scale whereby spanning is achieved by casting a continuous concrete slab with a profiled or folded section. 5 Corrugated or profiled metal sheets are commonly used for small-span roofing.